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agenda considers "non-lethal force by unmanned platforms"
for civil and military use: The EU should prioritise research into
the development of autonomous non-lethal weapons systems that
can be used by both civilian and military agencies, according
to a research agenda drawn up on the basis of input from EU institutions,
Member States and "industry representatives".
the "civil-military research agenda for maritime security",
which was compiled by the EU's Joint Research Centre at the end
of last year, armaments may appear to be "a purely military
topic" - but they are in fact something that "needs
to be considered" by civilian institutions.
This is because
to be "fully successful for both civil and military use,"
should not exclude the option to host
systems used for guarding purposes in civil
security may need to be capable to fend off attacks or disable
New Council returns
and readmission strategy to target African countries
formal readmission agreements:
number of non-legally binding informal arrangements aimed at
reinforcing cooperation in the area of return policy have been
concluded with a number of relevant third countries."
- "The gap between
the orders to leave the territory and the effectively implemented
returns remains significant. In particular, cooperation with
relevant African countries is still totally unsatisfactory."
Framework" in Africa: Tony Bunyan, Statewatch Director, comments: "This
policy is best seen as asking EU Member States to use their histories
of imperialism, oppression and exploitation to get African states
to sort out the EUs problem."
See: Bulgarian Council Presidency "Draft" Note
to Member States on: "Enhancing
the returns from the European Union" (LIMITE doc no: 6047-18,
UN Human Rights Council : Report
of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of
human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism
"This report addresses
the human rights challenge of states of emergency in the context
of countering terrorism. In particular, it identifies new post
9/11 emergency practices and their adverse effects. Emergencies
are not a new phenomenon for states. Human rights law enables
states to limit the full exercise of derogable human rights when
governments are faced with exceptional challenges allowing for
proportionate and necessary restrictions to human rights. However,
emergency powers are a limited device."
trilogue discussions: four-column document and Council position
on EP amendments
Council of the European Union: ECRIS-TCN:
for a Regulation establishing a centralised system for the identification
of Member States holding conviction information on third country
nationals and stateless persons (TCN) to supplement and support
the European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS-TCN system)
and amending Regulation (EU No 1077/2011 - Four column table
with Presidency suggestions/comments (LIMITE doc no:
5505-18,104 pages, pdf): Four column document setting out: Commission
proposal, European Parliament amendments, Council general approach
and "compromise" position."
And see: Questions
concerning the EP amendments (LIMITE doc no: 5730-18,
"In view of the first
trilogue, which is scheduled for Wednesday 7 March, the Presidency
(PRES) would like to obtain a view of the positions of the Member
States on the EP amendments. PRES would also very much appreciate
Member States bringing forward arguments that could be used during
latest news from across Europe (7.2.18-17.2.18)
of the European Union gets to work on the interoperability of
The Council of
the European Union is working out its negotiating position -
prior to trilogue discussions - on the: Proposal
for a Regulation on establishing a framework for interoperability
between EU information systems (borders and visa) and amending
Council Decision 2004/512/EC, Regulation (EC) No 767/2008, Council
Decision 2008/633/JHA, Regulation (EU) 2016/399 and Regulation
(EU) 2017/2226 - Examination of Presidency revised text of Articles
(LIMIITE doc no: 5758-18, pdf):
million euros for Europols decryption platform (link):
"The EU is looking to
improve its capabilities to circumvent and crack encryptions.
Member states are to invest in hardware and software with Europol
coordinating these efforts."
European Ombudsman: Ombudsman says
Member States must open up their opaque negotiations on EU laws
Ombudsman specifically criticises the Councils failure
systematically to record the identity of Member States taking
positions during discussions on draft legislation, and the widespread
practice of disproportionately marking documents as not for circulation,
or LIMITE (,,,)
almost impossible for citizens to follow the legislative discussions
in the Council between national government representatives. This
behind-closed-doors approach risks alienating citizens
and feeding negative sentiment, said Ms OReilly."
of the European Ombudsman in case OI/2/2017/TE on the Transparency
of the Council legislative process (link)
And see: Statewatch Observatory on FOI in the EU (from 1992 onwards)
Statewatch: Market Forces: the
development of the EU security-industrial complex - Executive
Summary now available in Spanish (pdf)
crisis: latest news from across Europe (8-12.2.18) including:
- how the Hungarian government
uses the law to repress civic spirit
- how refugee and migrant solidarity
groups across the EU are confronting the hostile environment
over discreet introduction of portable fingerprint scanners for
in the UK have started using a mobile fingerprinting system that
lets them check the identity of an unknown person in less than
a minute. Fingerprints collected on the street will be compared
against the 12 million records contained in national criminal
and immigration fingerprint databases and, if a match is found,
will return the individuals name, date of birth and other
UK response to Council of the EU's recommendations
The UK has set out its response
to 12 recommendations on preventing and combatting cybercrime
made in a September 2015 report by the Council of the EU, covering
issues ranging from investigation and prosecution, to legislation
and mutual legal assistance.
EU: ETIAS: Trilogue discussions
for a Regulation establishing a European Travel Information and
Authorisation System (ETIAS) and amending Regulations (EU) No
515/2014, (EU) 2016/399, (EU) 2016/794 and (EU) 2016/1624
(377 pages, pdf): State of play: Commission proposal, Council
position, European Parliament position and "compromise"
on the amendments to the Europol Regulation based on ETIAS
- Chios: NGOs complaints about the treatment of refugees to the
European Commission and its response
considering your response, we found your assessment of the current
situation to be at considerable odds with the factual situation
we daily witness on the ground"
on Chios complained to the European Commission about the treatment
and conditions of refugees on the island: Complaints
to the Commission signed by 11 NGOs (dated: 6 November 2017, pdf):
the undersigned voluntary organisations, have been providing
humanitarian aid on the Greek island of Chios for more than two
years. We are writing to express our deepest concerns with regard
to the situation of refugees on the island. Whilst the inhumane
conditions on Chios for refugees is not a new issue, the situation
has reached tipping point in recent weeks with an increase in
arrivals, the withdrawal of most NGOs, and the closure of Souda
camp in the city, which has left the EU hotspot Vial as the sole
facility that accommodates refugees on the island."
Council of the European Union:
for a Regulation establishing a common procedure for international
protection in the Union and repealing Directive 2013/32/EU
(LIMITE doc no: 5296-18,156 pages, pdf): The Council developing
its negotiating position: 300 Footnotes with Member State positions.
the EUs flawed $200 million migration deal with Sudan (IRIN, link):
"As millions of dollars
in EU funds flow into Sudan to stem African migration, asylum
seekers say they are increasingly trapped, living in a perpetual
state of fear and exploitation in this key transit country."
and military and security industry meet on future of EUROSUR (Stop Wapenhandel, link):
"On 6 and 7 February
EU and member states' officials meet up with military and security
companies for the 'Industry Day on Border Surveillance and Integrated
Border Management' in Brussels. The aim of the day is to discuss
the future development of EUROSUR, the EU border monitoring and
surveillance system. This shows again the close connections between
the EU and the European military and security industry and the
influence the industry has on EU border policies.
biometric database for convicted third-country nationals: European
Parliament negotiating position published
On 25 January the European Parliament's
civil liberties committee (LIBE) adopted its position on the
proposed European Criminal Records Information System for Third-Country
Nationals, which will be a centralised EU database holding identity
data on non-EU nationals convicted in a Member State. This will
allow national authorities to see which Member State(s) hold
information on previous convictions of non-EU nationals, to whom
they will then be able to make a request for that information.
crisis: latest news from across Europe (29.1.18-4.2.18) including: The Afghan paradox
chaos and violence but safe for returns from Europe
planning to consolidate biometric databases, consider expanding
Surveillance Camera Code application (Biometric Update, link): "The UKs
Home Office is planning to consolidate its IDENT 1 and IABS biometric
databases into one central platform for fingerprint, DNA, and
facial image data by spring of 2019, UKAuthority reports.
See: Surveillance Camera Commissioner:
Report 2016/17 (pdf): "The future capabilities
of surveillance camera systems is a key theme within this report.
The advent of integrated surveillance technologies (cameras,
sensors, analytics, biometrics, smart systems) means that the
ability of the State and indeed the commercial sector to physically
and intrusively track the citizen in public spaces is well and
truly upon us."
for researchers: Statewatch Analyses: 1999-ongoing
Borderline: The EU's New Border Surveillance Initiatives:
Assessing the Costs and Fundamental Rights Implications of EUROSUR
and the "Smart Borders" Proposals (pdf) A study by the
Heinrich Böll Foundation. Written by Dr. Ben Hayes and Mathias
Vermeulen: "Unable to tackle the root of the problem,
the member states are upgrading the Unions external borders.
Such a highly parochial approach taken to a massive scale threatens
some of the EUs fundamental values - under the pretence
that ones own interests are at stake. Such an approach
borders on the inhumane."
How the EU works and justice and home
affairs decision-making (pdf)
20th Anniversary Conference, June 2011: Statewatch
'policy laundering' and the FATF - legalising surveillance, regulating
(pdf) by Ben Hayes
to EU decision-making and justice and home affairs after the
(pdf) by Steve Peers, Professor of Law, University of Essex,
with additional material by Tony Bunyan
Neoconopticon: the EU security-industrial
(pdf) by Ben Hayes
The Shape of Things to Come (pdf) by Tony Bunyan
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