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ICPO inquiry into bulk collection of data
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The new Investigatory Powers Commissioner's Office is carrying out an inquiry bulk collection and has had Responses to the IPC’s request for submissions on bulk powers from:

Graham Smith: Comments to IPCO on proportionality factors relating to bulk powers (pdf):

"The uses of bulk secondary data illustrated in the Bulk Powers Review make no claim to be limited to ascertaining whether an individual is inside or outside the British Islands. The uses go far wider than that."

Liberty’s response to the Investigatory Powers Commissioner’s informal consultation on bulk powers (pdf):

"There is no statutory definition of ‘bulk’. The Bulk Personal Dataset Factsheet that was released alongside the original Investigatory Powers Bill described bulk powers as involving the availability of “information about a wide range of people, most of whom are not of interest to the security and intelligence agencies”.

The closest the Investigatory Powers Act (“the Act”) comes to defining bulk is contained in Part 7, where BPDs are defined as “a set of information that includes personal information relating to a number of individuals where the nature of the set is such that it is likely that the majority of the individuals are not, and are unlikely to become, of interest to the intelligence service.”

Submission by Open Rights Group to the IPCO request for comments on bulk warrants (pdf):

"Providing some constructive engagement while remaining critical is a difficult line to tread as we are concerned about contributing to the “surveillance realism” described by academics such as Lina Dencik. Surveillance realism refers to the increasing normalisation of surveillance and its deleterious effects on society, as evidenced in the Cambridge Analytica scandal, which is only the tip of the iceberg. The surveillance activities of the state that IPCO tries to regulate need to be seen in this context."

See also: Report of the Bulk Powers Review by DAVID ANDERSON Q.C. Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, August 2016 (pdf).

IPCO takes over the responsibility for oversight of investigatory powers from the Interception of Communications Commissioner’s Office (IOCCO), the Office of Surveillance Commissioners (OSC) and the Intelligence Services Commissioner (ISComm) in September 2017. IPCO immediately takes over the inspection and audit functions of these bodies and the prior approval function of Surveillance Commissioners relating to intrusive surveillance, property interference and undercover officers by law enforcement.

Backgound: Home Office: annual report on use of "disruptive and investigatory powers" by security, intelligence and law enforcement agencies (Statewatch News)

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